Friday, December 27, 2013

A New Course: Think Tanks, International and Non-Governmental Organizations SPRING 2014

Think Tanks, International and Non-Governmental Organizations

INTL 399 - 65374 - 002

Instructor: Tugrul Keskin             
Office:    333 East Hall                 
Google Phone: (202) 630-1025
Office Hours: Tuesday 1:00 – 4:00 PM or by appointment      E-mail: tugrulkeskin (at)
(PLEASE include “Think-Tanks” in the subject line when you email me) 

Of the many influences on the US foreign policy formulation, the role of think tanks is among the most important and appreciated.
Richard N. Haass
Former Director of Policy and Planning - U.S. Department of State    

Course Description and Objective:

In this course, we will examine the emergence and development of think tanks and international and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in comparative perspective. In the 19th and 20th centuries, the concept of the modern state grew out of the growth of capitalism and industrialization, and led to the creation of a complex bureaucracy and an interconnected social, political and economic environment within the global political arena.  However, WWI and II gave birth to a venue for negotiation between nation-states in the international arena in order to prevent political conflicts; the creation of the UN (The League of Nations).

Particularly after the 1929 economic crisis, and the move from Keynesian capitalism to the neoliberal era in the second half of the 20th century, we started to see the materialization of political institutions above and beyond the state bureaucracy. The result was the creation of the World Bank and IMF, because of the Washington Consensus. Over the next half-century, the world economic community was dominated by the policies of these institutions. In the 1950s, we also saw the birth of the European Union as a new political actor within world politics. This led to the rise of regional economic, political and cultural organizations competing with each other over economic resources.

In addition, think tanks (semi-governmental institutions) are other important economic and political actors within and between the modern nation-state, which we will review in this class. The emergence of think tanks or policy institutes dates back to the time of imperial Britain. These institutions are affiliated with security studies at the beginning stages of their emergence because they support the colonial dream of imperialism; however, this has slightly changed with the establishment of American think tanks and the rise of the US as a global power. Hence, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (1910), Brookings Institute (1916), the Hoover Institution (1919), The Century Foundation (1919), Council on Foreign Relations (1921) and Rand Corporation (1946) were founded in the first half of the 20th century. They were, and still are affiliated with the security establishment of the US. However, these organizations started to play a more effective role within domestic politics in the second half of the 20th century, because of the rise of the neoliberal economy. Less Keynesianism in the modern American Economy led to an increase in the power and number of these policy-oriented institutions, and they expanded to the social and economic field within the US. Therefore, the Heritage Foundation (1973) and Cato Institute (1974) were established. However, the power of think tanks did not become apparent until the first half of the 1980s. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, think-tank politics began to dominate the American political landscape; from issues like drug policy to immigration, foreign policy and health care. This power led to considerable attention from American corporations. As a result of this trend, many more think tanks were established, and some changed their structures to collaborate with and meet the needs of corporations. Private funding has poured into these policy institutions ever since, and the term, ‘inside the beltway politics,’ coined in the 1980s and popularized in the 1990s, describes these circumstances. Today, the power and role of think tanks cannot be ignored, and should be studied academically from the standpoint of their origins; particularly their domestic and now international political usage.       

We will also study the emergence, development and role of Non-Governmental Organizations such as the Committee to Protect Journalists, Doctors Without Borders, Mercy Corps, Amnesty International, and Human Rights Watch; all fairly new to the global social and political arena.           

Learning Outcomes (Tugrul Keskin):
By the end of the course, you will have enhanced your:
§  Critical thinking in relation to international studies
§  Ability to question dogmas and taboos in today’s societies
§  Consciousness of differing perspectives and diversity
§  Understanding of world issues and trends
§  Understanding of the impact of colonialism and imperialism in developing nations
You also will have increased your knowledge concerning:
§  Resources in your potential discipline
§  Resources specific to your region
§  Traditional information sources
§  Alternative information sources
§  Knowledge of relevant methodologies

Learning Outcomes (Shawn Smallman)
Core Learning Outcome: Students will demonstrate an understanding of world cultures, politics, and economics, within the context of globalization, as well as developing the skills and attitudes to function as “global citizens.”

Specific Outcomes:
  • Demonstrates knowledge of global issues, processes, trends and systems (i.e. economic and political interdependency among nations; environmental-cultural interaction; global governance bodies).
  • Can articulate an understanding of her/his culture in global and comparative context; that is, recognizes that her/his culture is one of many diverse cultures and that alternate perceptions and behaviors may be based in cultural differences.
  • Demonstrates an understanding of the meaning and practice of political, military, economic, and cultural hegemony within states and within the global system.
  • Demonstrates an understanding of how her/his field is viewed and practiced in different international contexts.
  • Uses diverse cultural perspectives and frames of reference, including those of the media, to think critically and solve problems.
  • Uses information from other languages and other countries to extend their access to information and experiences.
  • Interprets issues and situations from more than one cultural perspective.
  • Can articulate differences among cultures; demonstrates tolerance for the diverse viewpoints that emerge from these differences.
  • Demonstrates a critical understanding of the historical origins of the nation-state, and its current role in the global system.
  • Can apply the key theoretical concepts in the field to interpret global issues.
  • Exhibits an ongoing willingness to seek out international or intercultural opportunities.

Required Readings:
1.     Think Tanks: The Brain Trusts of US Foreign Policy By Kubilay Yado Arin (2014).
3.     NGOization Complicity, Contradictions and Prospects (Edited) By Aziz Choudry and Dip Kapoor (2013)

Other Readings will be posted on the blackboard and you will find them under the course documents.

1.     Do Think Tanks Matter? Opportunities, Constraints and Incentives for Think Tanks in Canada and the United States, Global Society. Donald E. Abelson. (2000) 14:2, 213-236.
2.     Behind Closed Doors: Elite Politics, Think-Tanks and US Foreign Policy. Tugrul Keskin and Patrick Halpern. Insight Turkey April-June 2005 Volume 7 Number 2. 
3.     The Role of the Think Tanks in the US Foreign Policy. U.S. Foreign Policy Agenda Volume 7 An Electronic Journal of the U.S. Department of State Number 3.
4.     Demanding Information: Think Tanks and the US Congress. Anthony M. Bertelli and Jeffrey B. Wenger. British Journal of Political Science / Volume 39 / Issue 02 / April 2009, pp 225 – 242.
5.     US Think Tanks and the Politics of Expertise: Role, Value and Impact Mahmood Ahmad. The Political Quarterly, Vol. 79, No. 4, October-December 2008.
6.     A Challenge to Washington Think Tanks Murray Weidenbaum. Challenge, vol. 52, no. 1, January/February 2009, pp. 87–96.
7.     Why don’t the French do Think Tanks?: France faces up to the Anglo-Saxon superpowers, 1918–1921 Andrew Williams. Review of International Studies / Volume 34 / Issue 01 / January 2008, pp 53 – 68.
8.     The Think Tanks behind ‘Cameronism’ Hartwig Pautz. BJPIR: 2013 VOL 15, 362–377.
9.     British think tanks: advancing the intellectual debate? Philippa Sherrington. British Journal of Politics and International Relations, Vol. 2, No. 2, June 2000, pp. 256–263.
10.   Players Beyond Borders? German Think Tanks as Catalysts of Internationalisation. Martin Thunert (2000) Global Society, 14:2, 191-211.
11.   Think Tanks and Their Impact. Robert O'neill (2008) Asia-Pacific Review, 15:2, 9-12.
12.   Think Tanks in Transitional China. Xufeng Zhu and Lan Xue. public administration and development Public Admin. Dev. 27, 452–464 (2007).
13.   China’s Foreign Policy Think Tanks: Changing Roles and Structural Conditions. Pascal Abb. GIGA Research Unit: Institute of Asian Studies No 213 January.
14.   Chinese Think Tanks, Policy Advice and Global Governance. James G. McGann. Research Center for Chinese Politics and Business-Indiana University, Bloomington. Working Paper #21 March 2012.
15.   China's International Relations Think Tanks: Evolving Structure and Process. David Shambaugh. The China Quarterly, No. 171 (Sep., 2002), pp. 575-596.
16.   The Role of China’s Think Tanks in Policymaking. July–August 2009.
17.   Does Israel Need Think Tanks? by Hannah Elka Meyers Middle East Quarterly Winter 2009, pp. 37-46.
18.   The Israel Lobby John Mearsheimer and Stephen Walt. London Review of Books Vol. 28 No. 6 · 23 March 2006 pages 3-12.
19.   Latin America’s Think Tanks: The Roots of Non-Profit Privatization. Daniel C. Levy. Studies in Comparative International Development. Summer 1995, Vol. 30, No. 2, 3-25.  
20.   Think Tanks. Peter T. Leeson, Matt E. Ryan, Claudia R. Williamson. Journal of Comparative Economics 40 (2012) 62–77.
21.   Think Tanks in the U.S. Media Andrew Rich, R. Kent Weaver. The Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics, Volume 5, Number 4, Fall 2000, pp. 81-103.
22.   The Ties That Used to Bind The Decay of American Political Institutions. Francis Fukuyama. The American Interests - December 8, 2013.
23.   Where Have All the Lobbyists Gone? Lee Fang. The Nation. February 19, 2014.

Recommended Readings:

Think Tanks:
1.     Do Think Tanks Matter?: Assessing the Impact of Public Policy Institutes By Donald E. Abelson (2009)
2.     A Capitol Idea: Think Tanks And US Foreign Policy By Donald E. Abelson 2006.
3.     NGOs in International Politics By Shamima Ahmed and David Potter (2006).
4.     Think Tanks, Public Policy, and the Politics of Expertise by Andrew Rich (2005).
5.     Think Tanks in America by Thomas Medvetz (2012 and 2014)
6.     The Competition of Ideas: The World of the Washington Think Tanks By  Murray L. Weidenbaum (2011).
7.     What Should Think Tanks Do?: A Strategic Guide to Policy Impact By Andrew Selee (2013).
8.     Global Think Tanks: Policy Networks and Governance B James McGann and Richard Sabatini (2011)
9.     Think Tank Traditions: Policy Analysis Across Nations By Diane Stone and Andrew Denham (2004).
10.   Capturing the Political Imagination: Think Tanks and the Policy Process By Diane Stone (1996)
11.   The Idea Brokers: Think Tanks And The Rise Of The New Policy Elite By James A. Smith (1993)
12.   How Institutions Think By Mary Douglas (Syracuse University Press, 1986)

Non-Governmental Organizations:
1.     The Third Force: The Rise of Transnational Civil Society Ann M. Florini (2000).
2.     Non-State Actors in World Politics Paperback By (Eds) William Wallace and Daphne Josselin (2002).
3.     The Marketing of Rebellion: Insurgents, Media, and International Activism By Clifford Bob (2005).
4.     Non-Governmental Organizations in World Politics: The Construction of Global Governance By Peter Willetts (2010).
5.     Civil Society: The Critical History of an Idea By John R. Ehrenberg (1999).
6.     Civil Society By Michael Edwards (2009).
7.     The Nature of the Nonprofit Sector By J. Steven Ott (Editor) and Lisa A. Dicke (2011).

International Organizations:
1.     United Nations at a Glance By United Nations (2012).
2.     An Insider's Guide to the UN By Linda Fasulo (2009).
3.     Basic Facts about the United Nations 2014 By United Nations (2014).
4.     International Organizations: The Politics and Processes of Global Governance By Margaret P. Karns and Karen A. Mingst (2009).
5.     Rules for the World: International Organizations in Global Politics By Michael Barnett and Martha Finnemore (2004).
6.     International Organizations By Kelly-Kate S. Pease (2011).
7.     Unholy Trinity: The IMF, World Bank and WTO By Richard Peet (2009).

Internet Websites:

Some Newspaper Articles:

Documentaries and Movies: 
1.     The U.N. Deception
2.     League of Nations
3.     Woodrow Wilson
4.     Treaty Of Versailles Documentary
5.     What Do Think Tanks Do? Session 1, 2, 3 and 4
6.     "Think Tanks" Shaping US Policy -
7.     US Research 'Think Tanks' Have Notable Policy Role
8.     FUND Panel II The Role of Political Foundations and Think Tanks

Course Philosophy:
The goal of this course is to become familiar with think tanks, international and non-governmental organizations in comparative perspective in the context of International Studies. The success of this course depends on your continued and sustained reading and participation. The course will be based on a four-dimensional method of learning, and this includes inquiry and critical thinking; communication; and will draw on the diversity of human experience; and ethics and social responsibility. First, I would like you to critically analyze what you learn in this class or have learned so far through the media and your education, because in today’s world, truth is a relative concept. Throughout human history, critical thinking is one of the most important factors that have contributed to human development.  In order to become active, self-motivated, and empowered learners and future leaders, you will need to have the ability to think critically, and therefore your criticism, feedback and suggestions are necessary. Second, I would like for you to enhance your writing and oral communication skills in this course. Therefore, it is important to clearly elaborate your arguments in class discussion as well as in the written assignments.

Third, we are each part of the human mosaic, and all have different experiences based on our unique social, political and economic differences. We can all learn from and respect each other and benefit from our diversity. Please try to learn from and understand those with different perspectives from your own. Lastly, we need to learn that we are all part of this intellectual community and part of a larger society, and all have social and ethical responsibilities to our family, community, classmates, and humanity. We live in a globalized world and therefore, we need to be aware of events in our community, and the world today. In order to enhance our knowledge, we must critically examine our social, political and economic environment in order to apply this knowledge to our experience.

Course Requirements

To prevent confusion later, please read the following information carefully:

Grades: Your grade for this course will be based on your performance on the following components, shown below with their dates and respective weights.

Item                                                                    Date                                        Weight (%)

Weekly Reflection Papers or online quizzes             Sunday                                   60.0
Final Paper                                                          June 8th                                  20.0
Attendance                                                                                                        4.0                  
Class Participation                                                                                             6.0      
Online Discussions                                                                                            10.0     

You have two options; either you can choose to do a weekly reflection paper, or take a weekly online quiz. See details for each option below.

1. Weekly Reflection papers: The reflection papers will include an open book essay that will determine what you have learned in class each week. I will ask you four questions regarding the weekly reading and class discussion. The reflection papers should be at least 1600 words. Font size should be Times New Roman, 12 point. The due date for each exam is Sunday by 12:00 midnight. You need to email me your reflection papers with Word document. Criteria: If your paper is less than 1600 words, or late, you will loose 4 points.

2.     Weekly Online Quizzes on D2L: You will have 4 quizzes. The quizzes will have 15 questions from each week class readings. Each Quiz is worth 15 points and each question is worth 1.0 point. You will find the schedule of quizzes below. Please carefully review the online quiz schedule. If you have schedule conflict, drop the class. If you have any questions or concerns, please do not hesitate to contact me directly.          

Online Discussions: During the semester, you will have 5 online discussions. In order to receive a grade for this, you should participate in the discussions in a meaningful way. One-sentence contributions, derogatory usage or meaningless contributions without any factual background from academic sources and class readings will not be counted and will be deleted. Every week, I will post movies/documentaries and questions for discussion. You have five days to participate in the discussions. You will have to participate at least two times to receive 2 points. Your perspectives should be based on classroom materials, journal and newspaper articles. If you have any questions or concerns, please do not hesitate contact me.

Final Paper: You will select a think tank, or an international or non-governmental organization, and will write a critical and analytical review. I must approve your final paper proposal first. The options for your final paper project are listed on D2L. Each student must select a different international organization, think tank or NGO, so it is important to clear your topic with me as soon as possible. For your final paper, I created a sample format, which you will find on D2L. Follow the sample format, and answer the questions clearly! The due date for obtaining approval on your topic selection is April 27th.     
The final paper must be at least 4000 words. The last day to submit your final paper is Sunday June 8th at midnight.
CRITERIA:        If you select a book after April 27th you will loose 3 points!
                            If your book reviews is late, you will loose another 4 points!
                            If your final paper is less then 4000 words, you will loose 5 points!  

Participation/Attendance: Each student must read the course materials before they attend class, and I expect them to participate in class discussion. Regular class attendance is one of the most important parameters to successful completion of the course requirements. If you find interesting articles, books, videos, or other sources that pertain to the class topics and discussion, please share them with me and with your classmates. This can count towards your class participation score.

PLEASE READ CAREFULLY! - Electronic Devices & Other Classroom Policies

Coming late to class and leaving early: Latecomers will not be accepted in the class, so be on time. If you are late for a class, please do not disturb your classmates and me and do not come at all. Please also do not send an email or call me regarding your class attendance. If there is a medical need, bring a letter from a doctor. Whatever the reason is, if you cannot come to class, this is your responsibility. If you miss more than 3 classes, you will not receive an attendance/participation grade. PLEASE DO NOT LEAVE EARLY EITHER! This is a class, not a coffee shop!

Laptop and cell phone policy: No electronic devices (including but not limited to laptops, cell phones, blackberries, etc) are to be used in the classroom. This includes talking on the phone, texting, playing games, surfing the web, or any other inappropriate usage. Those caught using restricted devices will be asked to leave class. Lectures may not be recorded with audio or multi-media devices. Please turn your cell phone off before you come to class.

Responsibility: You and/or your parents pay tuition for this class; therefore, you have responsibility to yourself and/or your parents. Passing or failing the class is not the main objective, rather that you learn and improve your knowledge. Please read and try to understand the main concepts of this class. If you are having difficulty, please do not hesitate to see me and discuss your concerns!

Each year, almost half a million people graduate from American public universities (see As you will see from the statistics, the job market is very competitive; therefore, students need to improve their knowledge, skill, and experience in order to find a job they want. Learning is a lifelong process. An academic institution like Portland State University will provide you with an educational discipline and methodology; everything else is up to you. You should study and improve your skills, in order to compete with the rest of the graduates. While you are in the program, you should apply for internships to obtain relevant experiences before you graduate. Therefore, if you need a letter of recommendation for an internship or job, please do not hesitate to ask me, if you receive at least an A, A- or B+ grade from my class. Please also remember that an undergraduate degree might not be enough to find the job you want; therefore, you might need to apply to graduate school. In order to apply to graduate school, you will also need to have a letter of recommendation. I am also happy to advise you on graduate school or provide a letter of recommendation if you receive an A, A- or B+ grade. 

Grades: Your grade for this course will be based on your performance on the following components, shown with their dates and respective weights:

The grading system in this class is as follows:
A                95-100     
A-              90-94    
B+              86-89    
B                85     
B-               80-84    
C+              76-79    
C                75    
C-               70-74    
D+             66-69    
D                65    
D-              60-64
F                (Failure)     

-You are expected to follow PSU’s student code of conduct, particularly 577-031-0135 and 577-031-0136, which can be found at
Violations of the code will be reported to the Office of the Dean of Student Life.
-You are encouraged to take advantage of instructor and TA office hours or email communication for help with coursework or anything else connected with the course and your progress.
-If you are a student with a documented disability and are registered with Disability Resource Center (503.725.4150 or TDD 725.6504), please contact the instructor immediately to arrange academic accommodations.
-Make sure you have an ODIN account; this email will be used for D2L and important emails from the instructor and TA.  DO NOT USE THE INTERNAL D2L mail function to contact us. If you do not typically use your PSU ODIN account, figure out how to get your mail from this account forwarded to the account you usually use.


No Laptops and cell phones will be allowed in this class.
If you have any questions regarding class related subjects, please do not hesitate to ask me.

Course Timeline

First Week
March 31 – April 4

·       Introduction to Course and overview syllabus
·       Behind Closed Doors: Elite Politics, Think-Tanks and US Foreign Policy By Tugrul Keskin and Patrick Halpern (Posted on D2L)
·       Methodological Approach: Typologies of Think Tanks (Kubilay Yado Arin)
·       Policy Communities, Advocacy Coalitions and Epistemic Communities (Kubilay Yado Arin)
·       Introduction to the study of international organizations (Ian Hurd)
·       A guide to the study of international organizations (Ian Hurd)
Second Week
April 7-11

·       Do Think Tanks Matter? Opportunities, Constraints and Incentives for Think
Tanks in Canada and the United States By Donald E. Abelson (Posted on D2L)
·       Demanding Information: Think Tanks and the US Congress. Anthony M. Bertelli and Jeffrey B. Wenger. (Posted on D2L)
·       The Role of the Think Tanks in the US Foreign Policy. U.S. Foreign Policy Agenda Volume 7 An Electronic Journal of the U.S. Department of State Number 3.
·       The World Trade Organization (Ian Hurd)
·       Theoretical Explanations for the Political Influence of Think Tanks (Kubilay Yado Arin)  
·       Fragmentation of the Political System and Veto Players (Kubilay Yado Arin)

Third Week
April 14-18
·       US Think Tanks and the Politics of Expertise: Role, Value and Impact Mahmood Ahmad. (Posted on D2L)
·       A Challenge to Washington Think Tanks Murray Weidenbaum. (Posted on D2L)
·       The International Monetary Fund and the World Bank (Ian Hurd)
·       CFR, Brookings and the Neoconservative Advocacy Think Tanks (Kubilay Yado Arin)
·       Elite Theory (Kubilay Yado Arin)

Sunday April 20st

Reflection Paper – 1
Online Quiz-1
Fourth Week
April 21-25

·       British think tanks: advancing the intellectual debate? Philippa Sherrington. (Posted on D2L)
·       Players Beyond Borders? German Think Tanks as Catalysts of Internationalisation. Martin Thunert. (Posted on D2L)
·       Think Tanks and Their Impact. Robert O'neill. (Posted on D2L)
·       The United Nations I: law and administration (Ian Hurd) 
·       Government Contractors - Frontrunners of the Military-Industrial Complex (Kubilay Yado Arin)
·       Foundations, Corporate Philanthropy and Political Advocacy  (Kubilay Yado Arin)

Fifth Week
April 28-May 2

·       Think Tanks in Transitional China. Xufeng Zhu and Lan Xue. (Posted on D2L)
·       China's International Relations Think Tanks: Evolving Structure and Process. David Shambaugh. (Posted on D2L)
·       China’s Foreign Policy Think Tanks: Changing Roles and Structural Conditions. Pascal Abb. GIGA Research Unit: Institute of Asian Studies No 213 January.
·       The Role of China’s Think Tanks in Policymaking. (Posted on D2L)
·       The United Nations II: international peace and security (Ian Hurd)
·       Advocacy Tanks Acting like Policy Entrepreneurs (Kubilay Yado Arin)
·       The Role of Neoconservative Think Tanks in US Foreign Policy (Kubilay Yado Arin)

Sunday May 4th

Reflection Paper – 2
Online Quiz-2
Sixth Week
May 5-9

·       Does Israel Need Think Tanks? by Hannah Elka Meyers.
·       The Israel Lobby John Mearsheimer and Stephen Walt.
·       The International Labor Organization (Ian Hurd) 
·       The Clinton Administration (Kubilay Yado Arin)
·       The Bush Administration (Kubilay Yado Arin)
·       Introduction - NGOization: Complicity, Contradictions and Prospects - Aziz Choudry and Dip Kapoor
·       Saving Biodiversity, for Whom and for What? Conservation NGOs, Complicity, Colonialism and Conquest in an Era of Capitalist Globalization - Aziz Choudry (Aziz Choudry and Dip Kapoor)

Seventh Week
May 12-16

·       The Ties That Used to Bind The Decay of American Political Institutions. Francis Fukuyama.
·       Where Have All the Lobbyists Gone? Lee Fang.
·       International Court of Justice (Ian Hurd)
·       The Bush Doctrine, the Neoconservative Concept for Primacy? (Kubilay Yado Arin)
·       The Neoconservative Think Tanks, an Advocacy Coalition (Kubilay Yado Arin)
·       Social Action and NGOization in Contexts of Development Dispossession in Rural India: Explorations into the Un-civility of Civil Society - Dip Kapoor (Aziz Choudry and Dip Kapoor)
·       NGOs, Indigenous Peoples and the United Nations - Sharon H. Venne (Aziz Choudry and Dip Kapoor)

May 22nd
Reflection Paper – 3
Online Quiz-3
Eighth Week
May 19-23

·       The International Criminal Court (Ian Hurd)
·       Conclusion: American Politics and the War of Ideas (Kubilay Yado Arin)
·       From Radical Movement to Conservative NGO and Back Again? A Case Study of the Democratic Left (Aziz Choudry and Dip Kapoor) Front in South Africa - Luke Sinwell (Aziz Choudry and Dip Kapoor)
·       Philippine NGOs: Defusing Dissent, Spurring Change - Sonny Africa (Aziz Choudry and Dip Kapoor)

Ninth Week
May 26-30

·       Regional organizations: EU, AU and ASEAN (Ian Hurd)
·       Disaster Relief, NGO-led Humanitarianism and the Reconfiguration of Spatial Relations in Tamil Nadu - Raja Swamy (Aziz Choudry and Dip Kapoor)
·       Seven Theses on Neobalkanism and NGOization in Transitional Serbia - Tamara Vukov (Aziz Choudry and Dip Kapoor)
Sunday June 1st

Reflection Paper – 4
Online Quiz-4
Tenth Week
June 2-6

·       Conclusion (Ian Hurd)
·       Emergence, development and future trajectories of Civil Society and NGOs By Tugrul Keskin
·       Peace-building and Violence against Women: Tracking the Ruling Relations of Aid in a Women's
·       Development NGO in Kyrgyzstan - Elena Kim and Marie Campbell (Aziz Choudry and Dip Kapoor)
Alignment and Autonomy: Food Systems in Canada - Brewster Kneen (Aziz Choudry and Dip Kapoor)

Sunday – JUNE 8TH