Monday, December 16, 2013



CRN: 41637 - INTL 332U
16:40 - 18:30 Monday and Wednesday
Classroom: Cramer Hall 401

Instructor: Tugrul Keskin             
Office:    333 East Hall                 
Google Phone: (202) 630-1025
Office Hours:       Tuesday 1:00 – 4:00 PM or by appointment
E-mail:  tugrulkeskin (at) include “Islamic Movements” in the subject line)      

The rule of man over man is exploitation; submission to Allah the creator is the only way to emancipation.
A slogan by Islami Jamiat-i Tulabah

Those who do not rule in accordance with God’s revelations are the disbelievers.
Al-Maeda (44) The Qur’an 

Course Description and Objective:

This course will examine the role of Islamic movements (IM) and Islamic parties (IP) in the contemporary Muslim world in the global age of capitalism. In the course, we focus on IM and IP and their relationship with global capitalism, democracy, free speech, gender issues, human rights, inequality, colonialism/imperialism, modernity, secularism and governance. All of these concepts are directly related with the conditions of modernity which are created by capitalism; therefore, I perceive Political Islam (IM and IP) as a product of modern conditions, such as urbanization, the emergence of a manufacturing-based economy, the increased availability of higher education, women’s participation in education and the workforce, and the elimination of traditional social values. Christianity and Judaism have also been struggling to redefine themselves under the new rules and regulations – not revelations - for over 200 years; whereas in Muslim Societies, the conditions of modernity are newer. Therefore, Muslims are now being asked to decide between the expression and practice of Din/Religion and the material world in their daily life. In these societies there is an ongoing struggle between the observance of God, and the pursuit of material conditions.

Although Political Islam could be seen as a direct reaction to modern politics, Islam has always been political; it is an inherently political religion with rules that regulate every aspect of a believer’s daily life, much in the same way that capitalism does.

We will look at Islam from a sociological point of view – not from the theological perspective, and seek to understand what Islam means to Muslim-populated societies. Islam plays a major role in world politics today, especially following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Islamic movements and parties have also occupied the public and political sphere more noticeably from the 1980s until the present time. Today, Islam is the religion of one fifth of the World’s population, and is one of the fastest growing religions. Muslims live in many regions across the globe; from Morocco to Indonesia. The contribution of Islam to world civilization is undeniable, however in the last one hundred years, Muslims have experienced conditions of economic underdevelopment, dictatorship, colonialism/exploitation/imperialism, and most importantly, the onset of modernity. We will discuss the following questions and themes; what does modernity mean for Muslims? Will there be an Islamic renaissance? How about an Islamic reformation? In relation to these questions, what are today’s Islamic movements and parties trying to achieve? Unlike in the past, Islamic movements and parties have been very successful in democratic elections in the Muslim world, such as Hamas in Israel/Palestine, the Justice and Development Party in Turkey, Hizbullah in Lebanon, the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, and Al-Nahda in Tunisia. In this course, we seek to understand the motivations of these movements, the reasons for their broad social and political popularity and relevance, and their unique hierarchical structures. This course does not concern itself with Al-Qaida or other terrorist organizations, but does familiarize students with IM and IP more generally. This course examines the roots and traces the development of IM and IP in North Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia and South East Asia.

As described, Islam is not just a religion, but is also likely to manifest as a socio-economic and political structure; therefore, one must understand the socio-historical background and the origin of Islamic belief systems, as well as their underpinning theoretical basis from thinkers such as:

The course objectives are 1) to acquaint students with both traditional and contemporary literature and research on Islamic movements, and 2) to introduce students to the historical and ideological basis of Classical and Contemporary Islamic Political Thought.

Required Books:
This course will use sections from the following book.

1.     Roel Meijer. Global Salafism: Islam’s New Religious Movement. Columbia University Press, 2009.
  1. Other Readings will be posted on D2L!

Recommended Books:

  1. Fazlur Rahman. 2002. Islam. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
2.     Tugrul Keskin, The Sociology of Islam: Secularism, Economy and Politics. Ithaca Press, 2011. ISBN: 978-0-86372-371-1
  1. Fredric Volpi. Political Islam Observed. New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 2010.
  2. When Victory Is Not An Option: Islamist Movements in Arab Politics by Nathan J. Brown. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 2012.

5.     Mohammed Zahid. The Muslim Brotherhood and Egypt's Succession Crisis: The Politics of Liberalisation and Reform in the Middle East. I. B. Tauris, 2012.

6.     Augustus Richard Norton. 2007. Hezbollah: A Short History. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
7.     Khaled Hroub. 2006. Hamas: A Beginner's Guide. Pluto Press.
  1. Humeira Iqtidar. 2011. Secularizing Islamists? Jama'at-e-Islami and Jama'at-ud-Da'wa in Urban Pakistan. The University of Chicago Press. 

Recommended Additional Readings:
1.     Nasr, S. V. R. 1994. The Vanguard of the Islamic Revolution: The Jama'at-i Islami of Pakistan. Berkeley, University of California Press.
  1. Humeira Iqtidar. 2011. Secularizing Islamists? Jama'at-e-Islami and Jama'at-ud-Da'wa in Urban Pakistan. The University of Chicago Press. 
  2. Asef Bayat. 2007. Making Islam Democratic: Social Movements and the Post-Islamist Turn. Stanford University Press.
  1. Mohammed Zahid. 2010. The Muslim Brotherhood and Egypt's Succession Crisis: The Politics of Liberalisation and Reform in the Middle East. I.B.Tauris. ISBN: 9781845119799
  2. Fouad Zakariyya and Ibrahim M. Abu-Rabi. 2005. Myth and Reality in the Contemporary Islamist Movement. Pluto Press.
6.     Gunning, Jeroen. 2008. Hamas in Politics: Democracy, Religion, Violence. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
7.     Dale F. Eickelman and James Piscatori. 2004. Muslim Politics. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.  
  1. Fouad Zakariyya and Ibrahim M. Abu-Rabi. 2005. Myth and Reality in the Contemporary Islamist Movement. Pluto Press. ISBN: 9780745322469
  1. Azza Karam. 2004. Transnational Political Islam: Religion, Ideology and Power. Pluto Press. ISBN: 9780745316253
  1. Amr G. E. Sabet. 2008. Islam and the Political Theory, Governance and International Relations. Pluto Press. ISBN: 9780745327198
11.  Edmund Burke and Ira Lapidus (Ed.), Islam, Politics and Social Movements, Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press, 1988.
12.  Oliver Roy, Globalized Islam, New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 2004.
13.  Quintan Wiktorowicz (Ed.), Islamic Activism: A Social Movement Theory Approach, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2004.
14.  Graham E. Fuller, The Future of Political Islam, New York, NY: Palgrave McMillan, 2003.
  1. Amina Wadud, Qur’an and Woman: Reading the Sacred Text from a Women’s Perspective,  New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1999.
16.  Bassam Tibbi, Islam between Culture and Politics, New York, NY: Palgrave, 2001.
  1. Carl Ernst, Following Muhammad: Rethinking Islam in the Contemporary World, Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.
  2. Charles Kurzman (Ed.), Liberal Islam, New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1998.
  3. Charles Kurzman (Ed.), Modernist Islam, 1840-1940. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2002.
  4. Fatma Mernissi, Beyond the Veil: Male-Female Dynamics in a Modern Muslim Society, Indiana University Press.
  5. Mansoor Moaddel. 2005. Islamic Modernism, Nationalism and Fundamentalism: Episode and Discourse, Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.
22.  Walid Abdelnasser. The Islamic Movement in Egypt: Perceptions of International Relations 1967-1981.
23.  Hala Haber. 1997. Hezbollah: Born with a Vengeance. Columbia University Press.
24.  Abdessalam Yassine. 2000. Winning the Modern World for Islam. Iowa City, Iowa: Justice and Spirituality Publishing.
25.  Ahmed Rashid. 2002. Jihad: The Rise of Militant Islam in Central Asia. New York, NY: Penguin Books.
26.  Ahmed Rashid. 2001. Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil and Fundamentalism in central Asia. Yale University Press.
27.  John Esposito. 1999. The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
28.  Joel Beinin and Joe Stork. Political Islam: Essays from the Middle East Report.
29.  John Esposito. 1983. Voices of Resurgent Islam. New York, NY: The Oxford University Press.
30.  Moten, Abdul Rashid. 2002. Revolution to Revolution: Jama'at-e-Islami in the Politics of Pakistan. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Islamic Book Trust.
31.  Nazih Ayubi. 1993. Political Islam: Religion and Politics in the Arab World. New York, NY: Routledge.
32.  Anthony Black. 2001. The History of Islamic Political Thought: From the Prophet to the Present. New York, NY: Routledge.
33.  Hamid Enayat. 1982. Modern Islamic Political Thought. University of Texas Press.
34.  Nikki R. Keddie, Modern Iran: Roots and Results of Revolution. Yale University Press, 2003.
35.  James L. Gelvin, The Modern Middle East: A History. Oxford University Press, 2007. ISBN13: 9780195327595.
36.  William L. Cleveland. A History of the Modern Middle East. Westview Press, 2004. ISBN: 9780813343747

Documentaries and Movies: 
  • The Power of Nightmares: Part I: Baby It's Cold Outside
  • The Power of Nightmares: Part II: The Phantom Victory
  • The Power of Nightmares: Part III: The Shadows in the Cave
·      Taxi to the Dark Side (2007)
·      Standard Operating Procedure (2008)
·      On Orientalism-Edward Said
·      The Hezbollah Mystery
·      The Rise and Rise of the Party of God - Lebanon
·      Gaza / HAMAS – Rise to Power
·      Hamas Rulers of Gaza Documentary
·      Muslim Brotherhood - National Geographic Documentary
·      Doha Debates - Political Islam
·      Iranian Revolution 1979 Fall of a Shah - BBC Documentary

Recommended Websites:

Recommended Qur’an Websites:

Recommended Documentaries:
  1. Muhammad: Legacy of a Prophet 2005 a film by Michael Schwarz
  2. Inside Islam – History Channel
  1. 30 Days as a Muslim, a 2006 film by Morgan Spurlock

Mosques, Masjids and Organizations - Portland:
  1. Masjed As-Saber -
  2. Bilal Masjid -
  3. Muslim Community Center of Portland -
  4. Mehdi Center (Islamic Center of Portland) -
  5. Muslim Educational Trust -

Course Philosophy:
The goal of this course is to enable students to write a theoretically guided and empirically rooted research paper.  I expect you to become familiar with the social, political and economic underpinnings of Islam and Islamic movements.

The success of this course depends on your continued and sustained reading and participation. The course will be based on a four-dimensional method of learning, and this includes inquiry and critical thinking; communication; the diversity of human experience; and ethics and social responsibility. First, I would like you to critically analyze what you learn in this class or have learned so far through the media and education, because in today’s world, truth is a relative concept. Throughout human history, critical thinking is the one of the most important factors that has contributed to human development.  In order to become active, self-motivated, empowered learners and future leaders, you will need to have the ability to think critically, and therefore your criticism, feedback and suggestions are necessary. Second, I would like you to enhance your writing and oral communication skills in this course. Therefore, it is important to clearly elaborate your arguments in the class discussion as well as in the written assignments.

Third, we are each part of the human mosaic, and all have different experiences based on our social, political and economic differences. We can all learn from and respect each other and benefit from our diversity. Please try to learn from and understand those with different perspectives than you. Lastly, we need to learn that we are all part of this intellectual community and larger society, and all have social and ethical responsibilities to our family, community, classmates, and humanity. We live in a globalized world and therefore, we need to be aware of events in our community, and the world today. In order to enhance our knowledge, we must critically examine our social, political and economic environment in order to apply this knowledge to our experience.

Course Requirements
To prevent confusion later, please read the following information carefully:

Reflection papers: The reflection papers will include an open book essay that will determine what you have learned in class each week. I will ask you four questions regarding the weekly reading and class discussion. The reflection papers should be at least 1600 words. Font size should be Times New Roman, 12 point. The due date for each exam is Sunday by 12:00 midnight. You need to email me your reflection papers with Word document.
Criteria: If your paper is less than 1600 words, or late, you will loose 4 points.   

Weekly Presentations: Each week, three or four students will be assigned a weekly topic from the readings. These students will summarize the readings and prepare a content outline and 4-6 questions for the class, in order to come prepared to lead the class discussion for 15 minutes. Each student must always read the course materials before they attend class, and I expect you to participate actively in the class discussion. I strongly recommend that you present in earlier weeks rather than later in the semester, because you may not find the right time available to present, and will loose presentation points. Presentation dates are available on a first-come first-served basis. The timeline for weekly presentations will be provided in the first week of class. After we have filled in student names and finalized the weekly presentation schedule, it will be posted to D2L. 

Newspaper Articles: During the semester, you can bring 4 newspaper articles related with our class subjects. You cannot bring more than one article in the same week. You will have to summarize these articles verbally in class and will find the recommended newspapers listed on D2L, under the external links section. Newspaper articles sent by email will not be accepted. Please bring the first page of the printed/hard copy of the article to class. Some of the recommended newspapers include The Guardian, Al-Jazeera,, Financial Times, The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal and the Economist. You can only bring an article on Mondays.

Final Paper: This will be a group project. Each group of three or four students will select a recommended Islamic Movement or party, which you will analyze within a theoretical framework from this class. The paper will be a research paper and you can use other sources as well, however you should clearly use citations. You will present a draft version of your paper in the Islamic Movements Students Conference at the last week of class, Wednesday March 12. This mini-student conference will be open to the public. The final paper is an empirical paper of at least 12.000 words, Times New Roman font, 12 point, doubled spaced. I must approve your paper topic and plan ahead of time. The final paper proposals are due as MS Word attachments emailed to me by Monday, January 27th. The last day to submit your final paper is Sunday March 16th.

·  You are responsible for selecting your own group-mates,
·  Please select your group mates based on common interests, 
·  You are responsible for the entire paper,
·  You will receive a grade based on the quality of the ENTIRE paper,
·  If your group-mates do not cooperate with the rest of the group, you can remove him/her by sending him/her an email; please CC: me on the same email,
·  Please do not send me an email at the end of the semester to say that your group mates did not write his or her part; again, you are responsible for the entire paper

Recommended Islamic Movements and Parties:
·  Hezbollah - Lebanon
·  Jama’at-e Islami of Pakistan
·  Prosperous Justice Party of Indonesia
·  Hizb-ut Tahrir
·  Islamic Action Front of Jordan
·  The Fethullah Gulen Movement of Turkey – Hizmet Movement
·  Muslim Brotherhood -­ Al-­Ikhwan alMuslimeen
·  Hamas - Ḥarakat al-­Muqāwamat al-­Islāmiyyah
·  Nahdatul Ulama of Indonesia
·  Renaissance Party of Tunisia (Al- Nahda)
·  Justice and Development Party of Morocco
·  Justice and Development Party of Turkey (Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi, AK Parti)
·  Islamic Salvation Front of Algeria (Al-Jabhat Al-Islamiyya lil-Inqad, FIS)
·  The Tablighi Jamaat
·  Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (Parti Islam Se Malaysia, PAS)
·  National Salvation Party of Turkey (Milli Gorus)
§  National Order Party (Milli Nizam Partisi)
§  National Salvation Party (Milli Selamet Partisi)
§  Virtue Party (Fazilet Partisi)
·  Nur Movement of Turkey (Said-i Nursi)
·  Al-Noor Party - Salafi Movement of Egypt
·  The Muslim Brotherhood of Syria

CRITERIA:        If final paper proposal is late (January 27th) you will loose 3 points!
                            If your final paper is late, you will loose another 4 points!
                            If your final paper is less then 12.000 words, you will loose 5 points!  

Format: ASA citation and bibliography format will be followed. All work should adhere to the guidelines published by the American Sociological Association (ASA) at  
This is not a definitive source, but is a Quick Guide provided by ASA.

Participation/Attendance: Each student must read the course materials before they attend class, and I expect them to participate in class discussion. Regular class attendance is one of the most important parameters to successful completion of the course requirements. If you find interesting articles, books, videos, or other sources that pertain to the class topics and discussion, please share them with me and with your classmates. This can count towards your class participation score.

PLEASE READ CAREFULLY! - Electronic Devices & Other Classroom Policies

Coming late to class and leaving early: Latecomers will not be accepted in the class, so be on time. If you are late for a class, please do not disturb your classmates and me and do not come at all. Please also do not send an email or call me regarding your class attendance. If there is a medical need, bring a letter from a doctor. Whatever the reason is, if you cannot come to class, this is your responsibility. If you miss more than 4 classes, you will not receive an attendance/participation grade. PLEASE DO NOT LEAVE EARLY EITHER! This is a class, not a coffee shop!

Laptop and cell phone policy: No electronic devices (including but not limited to laptops, cell phones, blackberries, etc) are to be used in the classroom. This includes talking on the phone, texting, playing games, surfing the web, or any other inappropriate usage. Those caught using restricted devices will be asked to leave class. Lectures may not be recorded with audio or multi-media devices. Please turn your cell phone off before you come to class.

Responsibility: You and/or your parents pay tuition for this class; therefore, you have responsibility to yourself and/or your parents. Passing or failing the class is not the main objective, rather that you learn and improve your knowledge. Please read and try to understand the main concepts of this class. If you are having difficulty, please do not hesitate to see me and discuss your concerns!

Each year, almost half a million people graduate from American public universities (see As you will see from the statistics, the job market is very competitive; therefore, students need to improve their knowledge, skills, and experience in order to find a job they want. Learning is a lifelong process. An academic institution like Portland State University will provide you with an educational discipline and methodology; everything else is up to you. You should study and improve your skills, in order to compete with the rest of the graduates. While you are in the program, you should apply for internships to obtain relevant experiences before you graduate. Therefore, if you need a letter of recommendation for an internship or job, please do not hesitate to ask me, if you receive at least an A, A- or B+ grade from my class. Please also remember that an undergraduate degree might not be enough to find the job you want; therefore, you might need to apply to graduate school. In order to apply to graduate school, you will also need to have a letter of recommendation. I am also happy to advise you on graduate school or provide a letter of recommendation if you receive an A, A- or B+ grade. 

Grades: Your grade for this course will be based on your performance on the following components, shown with their dates and respective weights:

Item                                                    Date                                        Weight (%)

4 Reflection Papers                          Sunday                                   60.0
Final Paper                                        March 16th                             20.0
Attendance                                                                                        4.0                             
Class Participation                                                                           4.0
Newspaper Articles                                                                          4.0     
Weekly Presentation                                                                                   8.0     

The grading system in this class is as follows:
A                95-100     
A-              90-94    
B+              86-89    
B                85     
B-               80-84     
C+              76-79    
C                75    
C-               70-74    
D+             66-69    
D                65    
D-              60-64
F                (Failure)     

-You are expected to follow PSU’s student code of conduct, particularly 577-031-0135 and 577-031-0136, which can be found at
Violations of the code will be reported to the Office of the Dean of Student Life.
-You are encouraged to take advantage of instructor and TA office hours or email communication for help with coursework or anything else connected with the course and your progress.
-If you are a student with a documented disability and are registered with Disability Resource Center (503.725.4150 or TDD 725.6504), please contact the instructor immediately to arrange academic accommodations.
-Make sure you have an ODIN account; this email will be used for D2L and important emails from the instructor and TA.  DO NOT USE THE INTERNAL D2L mail function to contact us. If you do not typically use your PSU ODIN account, figure out how to get your mail from this account forwarded to the account you usually use.


Additional Remarks: If you have difficulty with the course, please schedule a time to discuss your concerns with me, to help you get back on track.          

The chief characteristic of the Islamic Concept of Life is that it does not admit a conflict, nay, not even a significant separation between life-spiritual and life-mundane. It does not confine itself merely in purifying the spiritual and the moral life of man in the limited sense of the word. Its domain extends to the entire gamut of life. It wants to mould individual life as well as the social order in healthy patterns, so that the Kingdom of God may really be established on the earth and so that peace, contentment and well-being may fill the world as waters fill the oceans. The Islamic Way of Life is based on this unique approach to life and a peculiar concept of man's place in the Universe.
Mawdudi, The Islamic Way of Life

Course Timeline

First Week
January 6 - 10

  • A Brief Introduction to the Course and Overview of the Syllabus
  • What are an Islamic Movement and party?
  • Jihad vs. McWorld, Benjamin R. Barber, The Atlantic Online | March 1992
  • Class, generation and Islamism: towards a global sociology of political Islam By Bryan S. Turner (D2L)
  • The America I Have Seen”: In the Scale of Human Values (1951) By Sayyid Qutb (D2L)
  • Islam Brochure: Introduction to Islam you should read this brochure by Wednesday (D2L)

  • The Power of Nightmares: Part I: Baby It's Cold Outside

Second Week
January 13-17

  • Enjoining Right and Forbidding Wrong - By Ibn Taimia (D2L)
  • Milestone by Sayyid Qutb (D2L)
  • Islamic Government (Vilayat-e Faqih) By Ayatollah Khomeini
  • Post-Islamism at Large By Asef Bayat (D2L)

·       Iranian Revolution 1979 Fall of a Shah - BBC Documentary

January 19

Reflection Paper – 1

Third Week
January 20-24
January 20 No Class

·       Muslim Brotherhood National Geographic Documentary

Sunday January 26
Final Paper Proposal must be approved by Monday, January 26th
Please email me your final paper proposal and name of the group members.

Fourth Week
January 27-31

  • Islamic Way of Life by Syed Abul A'ala Mawdudi (D2L)
  • Chapter-5 Salafism in Pakistan (Global Salafism)
  • Mawdudi and the Transformation of Jama’at-e-Islami in Pakistan by Abdul Rashid Moten (D2L)
  • Islamic Revivalism: The Case of the Tablighi Jamaat by Jan Ali (D2L)
  • Jama’at-e-Islami in Pakistan

  • The Power of Nightmares: Part II: The Phantom Victory

February 2

Reflection Paper – 2

Fifth Week
February 3-7

  • NATO’S Islamists: Hegemony and Americanization in Turkey By Cihan Tugal -
  • Gulen/Hizmet Movement
  • New Islamic movements and a modern networks By Gokhan Bacik and Umit Kurt (D2L)
  • Market Oriented Post-Islamism in Turkey By Tugrul Keskin (D2L)
  • Justice and Development Party at the Helm: Resurgence of Islam or Restitution of the Right-of-Center Predominant Party? By Ersin Kalaycioglu (D2L)
  • Justice and Development Party in Turkey

  • The Power of Nightmares: Part III: The Shadows in the Cave

Sixth Week
February 10-14

·       The Hezbollah Mystery
·       The Rise and Rise of the Party of God - Lebanon
·       Gaza / HAMAS – Rise to Power
·       Hamas Rulers of Gaza Documentary

February 16

Reflection Paper – 3

Seventh Week
February 17-21

  • Chapter-1 On the Nature of Salafi Thought and Action (Global Salafism)
  • Chapter-8 Commanding Right and Forbidding Wrong as a Principle of Social Action (Global Salafism)
  • Chapter-9 Salafi Formation in Palestine (Global Salafism)

Eighth Week
February 24-28

  • Political Dimensions of Religious Conflict in Malaysia Abdul Fauzi Abdul Hamid (D2L)
  • Chapter-7 Ambivalent Doctrines and Conflicts in the Salafi Movement (Global Salafism)
  • Indonesia, Islam, and the Prospect for Democracy by Mark R. Woodward (D2L)
  • The Near East in the Far East On Islam in Indonesia By Clifford Geertz (D2L)

March 2

Reflection Paper – 4

Ninth Week
March 3-7

  • Chapter-2 Between Revolution and Apoliticism (Global Salafism) 
  • Chapter-6 Salafi Critique of Islamism (Global Salafism)
  • Chapter-13 The Local and the Global in Saudi Salafi Discourse (Global Salafism)
  • Chapter-14 How Transnational is Salafism in Yemen? (Global Salafism)
  • Chapter-15 Growth and Fragmentation (Global Salafism) 

March 9

Extra Credit Paper - Reflection Paper -5
5 Points
Tenth Week
March 10-14

·       Doha Debates - Political Islam

Final Paper Presentations – Wednesday, March 12, 2014

March 16
Final Paper Deadline
Please email me your paper.


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